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Researchers Identify a Metabolite as a Biomarker of Diabetes Risk

Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is the most common form of diabetes and is associated with many complications. T2D is preventable through weight control and exercise; however, many individuals are unaware that they are at risk and do not change their lifestyle in time to avoid disease.

Study Identifies Fibroblast Growth Factor 18 as an Ovarian Cancer Biomarker

Ovarian cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer-related death in women and is often not detected until the later stages of disease, which contributes to poor prognosis. Biomarkers that can be used for early diagnosis and outcome have been identified; however, many of these have not been evaluated at the biological and clinical levels. In the current issue of the Journal of Clinical Investigation, Michael Birrer and colleagues at Massachusetts General Hospital identify fibroblast growth factor 18 (FGF18) as a predictive marker for poor overall survival in ovarian cancer patients. Overexpression of the gene encoding FGF18 was associated with enhanced tumor blood vessel formation and expression of cancer promoting cytokines. These data indicate that further studies on the predictive potential FGF18 and its use as a therapeutic target in ovarian cancer are warranted.

Study: FGF18 as a prognostic and therapeutic biomarker in ovarian cancer [The Journal of Clinical Investigation]

Source: EurekAlert!

Genewiz, Inc. Launches OncoGxOne Discovery Cancer Panels

GENEWIZ, Inc., leading global genomics service provider, announced the launch of OncoGxOne™ Discovery cancer panels, proprietary gene panels designed specifically to assay genomic aberrations for all major cancer types.

Singapore Scientists Identify New Biomarker For Cancer In Bone Marrow

Singapore scientists have identified FAIM, a molecule that typically prevents cell death, as a potential biomarker to identify an incurable form of cancer in the bone marrow. Patients with this form of cancer usually do not get cured with current standard treatments such as chemotherapy and stem cell transplantation, with an average survival of only about four years. FAIM could thus be a therapeutic target in these patients, as drugs developed to target the molecule could destroy multiple myeloma cells and hence eradicate the cancer.

BioTime and OncoCyte Corporation Publish Data on the Gene COL10A1 as a Marker and Potential Diagnostic for a Wide Array of Human Cancers

BioTime, Inc. (NYSE MKT: BTX) and BioTime’s subsidiary OncoCyte Corporation today announced the publication of a scientific report on the gene COL10A1 and its potential as a marker for numerous types of human cancers. The paper, published in the peer-reviewed journal Future Oncology and available online today, describes the microarray-based approach used to identify COL10A1 as a pan-cancer biomarker with significantly elevated expression in diverse malignant tumor types including cancers of the breast, stomach, colon, lung, bladder, pancreas, and ovaries. In addition, the protein was shown to be specifically localized within tumor vasculature. Combined, these findings will be an important basis for the development and application of new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies, including the measurement of Collagen Type X in the blood as a screen for the presence of cancer, the use of antibodies that recognize and bind to the protein to visualize and locate tumors in the body, and the targeted delivery of tumor-destroying agents.