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Nodality, Inc. Reports Promising Rheumatoid Arthritis Study Results to Predict Patient Treatment Response to TNF Inhibitors

Nodality, Inc., an innovative biotechnology company advancing discovery, development and use of transformative therapies by revealing functional systems biology, recently announced results of the Company’s comprehensive research study to identify cell markers (biomarkers) of disease activity and treatment success in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. The study findings demonstrated that Nodality’s SCNP technology, which measures functional pathways at the single cell level, can be used to identify biomarkers of responsiveness to treatment with tumor necrosis factor inhibitors (TNFIs). RA affects an estimated two million Americans, and TNFIs constitute the most commonly prescribed therapy. Approximately half of patients respond to treatments such as TNFIs, leaving a substantial unmet need to identify which patients are more likely to respond to current therapies. Optimizing use of currently available therapies could potentially delay tissue damage and progression of disease.

SCNP provides the core technology foundation for Nodality’s programs dedicated to improving clinical medicine by increasing the efficiency of therapeutic R&D programs, enhancing life cycle management for commercialized drugs, and introducing new predictive diagnostics. The study results were featured in an oral presentation titled, Comparison of functional immune signaling profiles in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients versus healthy donors (HD) using Single Cell Network Profiling (SCNP) (Abstract W7.02.04), at the 15th International Congress of Immunology (ICI) in Milan, Italy, taking place August 22 to 27, 2013. The findings were presented by S. Louis Bridges, Jr., M.D., Ph.D., Marguerite Jones Harbert-Gene V. Ball, MD Professor of Medicine, Director, Division of Clinical Immunology and Rheumatology, University of Alabama School of Medicine.

“Nodality’s research program demonstrates the great promise and potential in gaining a better understanding of disease biology and applying this to the development of prognostic and predictive biomarkers for autoimmune diseases such as RA,” commented Alessandra Cesano, M.D., Ph.D., Chief Medical Officer of Nodality. “I look forward to the final results of this program, one of the most comprehensive of its kind. Our technology, based on immune-biology, can predict which RA patients will respond to specific therapies and reveal the mechanisms of drug resistance, thus informing alternative therapeutic strategies.”

The Nodality research program compares healthy and diseased peripheral blood cells at the single cell level, studying samples obtained through the national Treatment Efficacy and Toxicity in Rheumatoid Arthritis Database and Repository (TETRAD). Nodality anticipates completing its research program and announcing the key findings later this year.

Laura Brege, Nodality’s President and Chief Executive Officer, stated, “ICI has provided an important opportunity to showcase one of our key programs in immunology, further validating our broadly enabling SCNP platform. This platform has led to major collaborations in immunology addressing significant unmet needs among patients, as well as new predictive diagnostic modalities in blood cancers. Ultimately, Nodality’s goal is to accelerate and make more efficient the development of new therapeutic agents for serious diseases affecting large patient populations within immunology and oncology, two areas of continuing significant unmet clinical need.”

Additional program results were featured in a second oral presentation at the ICI Congress in a presentation titled, Functional proteomic interrogation of immune cell crosstalk and the effects of cytokine-targeted inhibitors using Single Cell Network Profiling (SCNP) (Abstract W7.02.03).

Source: Nodality, Inc

Fluidigm and Olink Bioscience Bring a New Level of Protein Biomarker Discovery to the Life Science Research Market

Fluidigm and Olink Bioscience have teamed up to enable interrogation of 96 samples across 92 proteins in a single run from one microliter of sample in less than a day.

The two companies will co-market the combination of their respective products — Fluidigm’s BioMarkTM HD System and Olink Bioscience’s Proseek® Multiplex technology — bringing protein research to the Fluidigm platform and Olink Bioscience’s protein detection assays to the high-throughput, high reproducibility and unparalleled sensitivity realm of Fluidigm’s real-time PCR system.

Fluidigm’s BioMark HD System and Olink Bioscience’s Proseek Multiplex technologies provide researchers with the highest throughput multiplexing solution for protein biomarker discovery in the market today. Typically, researchers are limited to working with a few tens-of-protein biomarkers at a time. Using the BioMark HD System with the Proseek Multiplex Oncology I 96×96 Kit, a researcher can simultaneously analyze 96 human samples against a panel of 92 analytes, such as growth factors, inflammatory markers, soluble receptors, or cancer antigens. With the addition of four control analytes (two incubation controls, and extension and detection controls), researchers can now obtain results for up to 9,216 reactions in just a few hours.

The first 92-plex Olink panel, available now, is focused on biomarker discovery for cancer. Panels addressing cardiovascular disease and inflammation are expected to be offered later this year.

“Protein research is so important because these biomarkers are used to monitor health states and predict treatment outcomes in patients. One of the biggest trends in the life sciences industry today is research to uncover biomarkers that can lead to companion diagnostics,” said Simon Fredriksson, Olink Bioscience president and chief executive officer. “Conventional immunoassays have been unable to scale due to increasing antibody cross-reactivity when more and more assays are run simultaneously. Olink’s Proseek Multiplex generates high quality data even in highly multiplexed formats, and using these assays in conjunction with Fluidigm’s BioMark HD System gives protein researchers easy access to unprecedented volume and quality of data.”

The Olink Bioscience assay provides a signal when pairs of antibodies equipped with DNA reporter molecules bind to their targets to create new DNA amplicons. The amplicons are subsequently quantified by high throughput real-time PCR. With PCR’s large dynamic range and superb sensitivity, in combination with Olink Bioscience’s unique protein detection assays, the opportunities are enormous for powerful analysis of multivariate biomarker patterns.

“Analyzing 92 proteins from one microliter of sample enables new biomarker discovery and validation,” said Gajus Worthington, Fluidigm president and chief executive officer. “Many sample sources, including those from biorepositories or model organisms, are limited, and researchers can simply run out before they are able to find useful biomarker panels. The combination of Fluidigm’s BioMark HD System and Olink’s Proseek Multiplex assay represents a robust new tool for the protein research community.”

Fluidigm’s BioMark HD System is a multi-application genomics and proteomics platform that provides results equivalent to the gold standards for every respective experimental approach. The system produces high-quality data from RNA, miRNA and DNA from sample sizes down to the single cell level — and now extends to proteins. The BioMark HD System performs analysis of protein expression, gene expression, copy number variation, SNP genotyping, and digital PCR.

Olink Bioscience’s Proseek Multiplex is a multivariate protein biomarker detection kit based on Olink’s proprietary Proximity Extension Assay (PEA). It uniquely allows multiplexing of immunoassays without compromising assay performance. PEA uses pairs of oligonucleotide-labeled antibodies equipped with DNA reporter molecules to bind to proteins of interest in a highly specific manner, solving the antibody cross-reactivity dilemma that plagues and limits conventional protein assays.

Source: Business Wire

OGT Launches PGS Array to Improve the Chances of Successful IVF

Oxford Gene Technology (OGT), provider of innovative genetics research and biomarker solutions to advance molecular medicine, has announced the launch of a new pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS) array aimed at improving the chances of successful in-vitro fertilisation (IVF).

The array detects chromosome number abnormalities (aneuploidy) across all 24 human chromosomes using DNA amplified from a single cell from an early-stage embryo. This allows selection of an embryo with a normal chromosomal content.

The number of women receiving IVF has increased steadily, however the percentage of IVF treatments resulting in viable pregnancies is still comparatively low with chromosomal aneuploidy a leading genetic cause of unsuccessful IVF. It has been reported that 75% of eggs in women over 37 and 23% of eggs in younger women are chromosomally abnormal1.

OGT’s CytoSure™ Single Cell Aneuploidy array is the first commercially available oligonucleotide aCGH product designed specifically for PGS. The array is sensitive enough to work with small amounts of amplified DNA from a single cell from an early-stage embryo. Unlike technologies such as fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH), the array can detect aneuploidies across the whole genome. The array allows eight samples to be run simultaneously, which is more than existing bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) aneuploidy arrays, minimising sample-to-sample variation by reducing technical noise.

The array is complemented by OGT’s CytoSure Interpret Software which analyses the data generated to produce simple, easy-to-use results. The ability to clearly identify aneuploidy is vital to make a confident and informed decision as to the chromosomal content of an embryo. The array has also been research-validated to investigate aneuploidies in first polar bodies, single blastomeres and trophectoderm biopsies.

Dr Mike Evans, CEO, OGT said, “With the launch of the CytoSure Single Cell Aneuploidy array we are moving into a new and valuable area both as a company and in the wider sense of seeking to improve reproductive health. The superior resolution, throughput and full chromosome coverage of our array allows improved identification of aneuploidy. We are hopeful that this new product will contribute significantly to helping potential parents maximise their chances of IVF success.”

Source: Oxford Gene Technology

Nodality, Inc. Announces Expansion of Company’s Patent Estate Covering Programs to Improve the Treatment of Patients with Severe Diseases in Immunology, Oncology, and Autoimmune Diseases

Nodality, Inc., a next-generation life sciences company partnering with leading firms to advance precision medicine, announced today the issuance by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) of Patent Number 8,394,599, which broadly covers methods for applying the Company’s Single Cell Network Profiling (SCNP) technology. SCNP provides the core foundation for Nodality’s programs dedicated to making medicines better by increasing the productivity of therapeutic R&D programs, enhancing life cycle management for commercialized drugs, and introducing new predictive diagnostics. With the issuance of this patent, Nodality now owns or has exclusive rights to more than 25 issued patents and 80 patent applications.

Laura Brege, President and Chief Executive Officer, commented, “The new patent extends and complements Nodality’s other foundational patents covering SCNP, a uniquely powerful tool for correlating clinical data with functional biology. The patent provides further protection for unique biomarkers of protein activation and cell function in single cells and, importantly, applications of this information in clinical management and therapeutic product development. Through our growing patent estate and partnered programs, Nodality is in a key position to improve the treatment of patients with severe diseases, including in immunology, oncology, and autoimmune diseases.”

Source: Nodality

Next-Generation Circulating Tumor Cell Test Demonstrates High Efficiency and Accuracy in New Study

Veridex, LLC (Veridex) recently announced that the first study of the company’s next-generation circulating tumor cell (CTC) technology, developed in collaboration with researchers at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), has been published in Science Translational Medicine. The collaboration, initially announced in January 2011, has led to the development of a next-generation CTC (or “liquid biopsy”) technology that offers enhanced specificity and sensitivity and enables more extensive characterization of captured cells.

The new technology tests for CTCs from the blood of cancer patients using advanced microfluidic separation techniques integrated with innovative magnetic sorting to isolate a broad spectrum of rare circulating cancer cells. This technology will allow physicians to get information about a patient’s cancer at the time treatment is being administered, one of the key components to enabling personalized medicine.

Results from the in vitro study showed the integrated system enabled the processing of large blood volumes with high throughput and efficiency, and also allowed for the ability to isolate CTCs from both epithelial and non-epithelial cancers.

In the study, the technology was used to identify the presence of CTCs in patients with cancers of the lung, prostate, pancreas, breast, as well as melanoma.

“Veridex is proud to have introduced CELLSEARCH®, the first and only FDA-cleared CTC test, and we’re excited to work with the team at Massachusetts General Hospital on our next-generation test,” said Nicholas C. Dracopoli , Ph.D., Vice President and Head of Oncology Biomarkers, Janssen Research & Development, LLC. “Together, Veridex and the MGH team bring more than 25 years of experience in rare cell technology to this project. We’re encouraged by the positive results from this study and the potential role this technology may play in helping to advance physicians’ ability to monitor their patients and develop more personalized treatment approaches.”

“These results show the possibility of its use for patients in ‘real time’ as they are receiving treatment. We hope that this next-generation CTC technology will become an everyday tool for doctors treating patients with cancer,” said Mehmet Toner , Ph.D., director of the BioMicroElectroMechanical Systems Resource Center in the Massachusetts General Hospital.

How It Works

The system used two modes of immunomagnetic sorting to isolate CTCs: a positive selection mode to identify and tag target CTCs based on expression of the epithelial surface marker EpCAM (“epithelial cell adhesion molecule”), and a negative selection mode, in which the blood sample is depleted of leukocytes by tagging them with specific antibodies. The test’s ability to isolate CTCs in this manner allows for RNA-based, single cell molecular characterization and expression analysis of CTCs. It will also allow for the test to be used in a broader range of cancers, including cells undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and cancer stem cells.

The technology integrates three sequential processes in a single automated system to capture clinically significant CTCs. First, after whole blood samples have been labeled with magnetic beads, the system separates nucleated cells, including CTCs and white blood cells, from red blood cells and platelets with minimal cell loss. Next, the system aligns nucleated cells in a single file within a sorting channel. Finally, the magnetically tagged cells are deflected into a collection channel for identification. These three integrated functions replace the need for separate cell lysis (break down), centrifugation and sorting steps.

About Circulating Tumor Cells

Circulating tumor cells are cancer cells that have detached from the tumor and are found at extremely low levels in the bloodstream. The value of capturing and counting CTCs is evolving as more research data is gathered about the utility of these markers in monitoring disease progression and potentially guiding personalized cancer therapy.

Study: Inertial Focusing for Tumor Antigen–Dependent and –Independent Sorting of Rare Circulating Tumor Cells

Source: PR Newswire