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Urine Protein Could Pave the Way for New Prostate Cancer Test

Cancer research UK scientists have shown that a protein in urine could be a powerful indicator of prostate cancer risk, according to a study published in PLoS ONE.

Scientists from the Cancer Research UK Cambridge Research Institute and The Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) built on earlier genome-wide research to link a genetic change associated with prostate cancer risk to a significant reduction in the amount of a protein called microseminoprotein-beta (MSMB). The protein – which regulates prostate cell death – is produced by normal prostate cells – and is linked to an increased risk of developing prostate cancer.

Early Lung Cancer Detection

Researchers from Northwestern University and NorthShore University HealthSystem (NorthShore) have developed a method to detect early signs of lung cancer by examining cheek cells in humans using pioneering biophotonics technology.

Metabolic Test May Predict Pregnant Women at Risk for Preeclampsia

Women can be vulnerable to sudden, sometimes dangerous spikes in blood pressure during pregnancy, part of a condition called preeclampsia. And now scientists say they’ve developed a high-tech method to predict which women are most prone to preeclampsia in late pregnancy — long before symptoms arise.

The approach relies on so-called “metabolic profiling” to track telltale metabolites found in blood plasma. The researchers say these changes could be key indicators for preeclampsia risk.

Blood Test Accurately Predicts Death from Prostate Cancer up to 25 Years in Advance

A blood test at the age of 60 can accurately predict the risk that a man will die from prostate cancer within the next 25 years, according to researchers at Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, in New York, and Lund University, in Sweden. The findings, published today online in the British Medical Journal, could have important implications for determining which men should be screened after the age of 60 and which may not benefit substantially from continued prostate cancer screening.

Consortium Develops Algorithm from Blood-Based Alzheimer’s Biomarkers

In a study appearing in the newest issue of the Archives of Neurology, members of the Texas Alzheimer’s Research Consortium reported that they have identified protein biomarkers in the blood that can be used to distinguish between individuals with and without Alzheimer’s disease.