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Caris Life Sciences Launches Significant Enhancements to Industry-leading Cancer Tumor Profiling Service

Caris Life Sciences®, a leading biosciences company focused on fulfilling the promise of personalized medicine, recently launched significant enhancements to its Molecular Intelligence™ tumor profiling service. These enhancements include significant updates to MI Portal™, the company’s online physician resource, a streamlined molecular profiling panel structure and the addition of two biomarkers.

Multiplicom Launches Three New Mutation Detection Kits to Enable the Implementation of Personalized Cancer Treatment

Multiplicom NV, a specialist in the development, production and commercialization of innovative molecular genetic tests based on massively parallel sequencing (MPS), recently announced that it is launching three new somatic mutation detection kits which will enable users to implement personalized cancer treatment at an unprecedented level.

Analysis Published In New England Journal of Medicine Highlights Discovery of New Predictive Biomarkers for Vectibix (Panitumumab)

Amgen (NASDAQ: AMGN) recently announced the publication of a biomarker analysis of Vectibix® (panitumumab) in combination with FOLFOX, a type of oxaliplatin-based chemotherapy, for the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC). Published in the New England Journal of Medicine, the analysis found that RAS mutations, beyond the known KRAS exon 2 mutations, predict lack of response to Vectibix in combination with FOLFOX. RAS mutations are mutations occurring in exons 2, 3 and 4 of KRAS and NRAS.

Almac Offering TruSight Tumor Profiling Next-Generation Sequencing Service

Almac recently announced they are now offering a Tumor Profiling service running Illumina’s next-generation sequencing (NGS) TruSight Tumor™ panel as part of their biomarker discovery, development and delivery solutions.

Almac, a personalised medicine company with CAP accredited and CLIA certified laboratories, extends their portfolio of services by offering TruSight Tumor™ to complement its current range of RNA, DNA and protein based technologies for biomarker analysis.

Almac is currently running many bespoke diagnostic assays for pharma customers for early phase clinical trial enrichment. The TruSight Tumor™ panel enables additional profiling of these patient samples to provide Almac’s pharma partners with further important information on emerging biomarkers that may also impact drug response.
The TruSight Tumor™ panel was developed by Illumina for their MiSeq® system, allowing targeted DNA sequencing and reporting on the mutation status of 26 genes which are most commonly mutated in solid tumors including lung, colon, ovarian, melanoma and gastric cancers.

One of Almac’s key strengths is many years of experience in working with formalin fixed paraffin embedded (FFPE) tissue. The TruSight Tumor™ panel is specifically designed for use with FFPE samples, and enables the highest levels of sensitivity for mutation detection with limited DNA input requirements.

“Almac is committed to the development of personalised medicine through the delivery of a wide range of innovative solutions. We are pleased to announce the expansion of our NGS service to include TruSight Tumor™” said Professor Paul Harkin, President and Managing Director of Almac’s Diagnostic business unit.

Source: Almac

Mayo Clinic Study: Blood Biomarker Could Mark Severe Cognitive Decline, Quicker Progression Among Parkinson’s Patients

A genetic mutation, known as GBA, that leads to early onset of Parkinson’s disease and severe cognitive impairment (in about 4 to 7 percent of all patients with the disease) also alters how specific lipids, ceramides and glucosylceramides are metabolized. Mayo Clinic researchers have found that Parkinson’s patients who do not carry the genetic mutation also have higher levels of these lipids in the blood. Further, those who had Parkinson’s and high blood levels were also more likely to have cognitive impairment and dementia. The research was recently published online in the journal PLOS ONE.

The discovery could be an important warning for those with Parkinson’s disease. Parkinson’s is the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer’s disease. There is no biomarker to tell who is going to develop the disease — and who is going to develop cognitive impairment after developing Parkinson’s, says Michelle Mielke, Ph.D., a Mayo Clinic researcher and first author of the study.

Cognitive impairment is a frequent symptom in Parkinson’s disease and can be even more debilitating for patients and their caregivers than the characteristic motor symptoms. The early identification of Parkinson’s patients at greatest risk of developing dementia is important for preventing or delaying the onset and progression of cognitive symptoms. Changing these blood lipids could be a way to stop the progression of the disease, says Dr. Mielke.

There is a suggestion this blood lipid marker also could help to predict who will develop Parkinson’s disease and this research is ongoing.

“There is currently no cure for Parkinson’s, but the earlier we catch it — the better chance we have to fight it,” says Dr. Mielke. “It’s particularly important we find a biomarker and identify it in the preclinical phase of the disease, before the onset even begins.”

Dr. Mielke’s lab is researching blood-based biomarkers for Parkinson’s disease because blood tests are less invasive and cheaper than a brain scan or spinal tap — other tools used to research the disease.

This work was supported by grants from the National Institute on Aging (U01 AG37526) and from George P. Mitchell and the late Cynthia W. Mitchell. The DEMPARK study was being funded by an unrestricted grant from Novartis and a grant from the International Parkinson Fonds (Deutschland) gGmbH (IPD). The continuation of the study (LANDSCAPE) is part of the Competence Network Degenerative Dementias (KNDD), which is funded by the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (project number 01GI1008C)).

Study: Plasma Ceramide and Glucosylceramide Metabolism Is Altered in Sporadic Parkinson’s Disease and Associated with Cognitive Impairment: A Pilot Study [PLOS ONE]

Source: Mayo Clinic